OCCASION (MUNASABAH) IN QUR’ANIC EXEGESIS: A Comparative Study Between al-Biqa’iy and Darwazah


  • Ahmad Munir




One challenge in Qur'anic study is the gap between historical details and facts when revealing meaning in the Qur’an. Some are based on letter order in Manuscripts called Qur’anic exegesis (mushhafî), while others use descending letter order which is called Downward exegesis (nuzûlî). To rationalize the gap between two patterns, occasion theory (munâsabah) was formulated. The researcher focuses this study on two things; 1). Application of occasion theory in Qur’anic and Downward exegesis, 2). The interpretation that uses occasion theory on Qur’anic and Downward exegesis. The approach used exegesis with deductive-inductive logic. Results of the study, 1). The occasion theory in qur’anic exegesis is done in detail, the interpretation is aimed at the occasion theory of the entire Qur'an. The occasion theory in the downward exegesis is done by illustrating the treatise in an orderly manner. Both models of exegesis present the totality of the content of the Qur'an so that it is not partially understood. Munâsabah in mushafî exegesis has a structural-emotional pattern. Munâsabah in downward exegesis is culturally-rational. 2). The approach of the occasion theory to qur’anic exegesis, produces a rational relationship between the elements of the Qur'an. The exegesis of downward emphasizes strengthening the journey of the treatise. The two exegeses, although different, use the same steps as other interpreters do.


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2020-11-01 — Updated on 2020-11-12


How to Cite

Ahmad Munir. (2020). OCCASION (MUNASABAH) IN QUR’ANIC EXEGESIS: A Comparative Study Between al-Biqa’iy and Darwazah. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(3), 447-460. https://doi.org/10.48080/jae.v17i3.118 (Original work published November 1, 2020)