A PRELIMINARY ACCOUNT ON THE KHORTHA SPEECH PROSODY

Authors

  • Atul Aman , Niladri Sekhar Dash , Amalesh Gope

Abstract

The present study aims to explore intonational properties with special reference to focus
marking system (in-situ, wide focus) in Khortha. A prosodic account of other types viz.,
Affirmative, Negation, Conditional and Compound and Interrogative sentences are also
examined in this study. We adopted the ToBI (Tones and Break Indices) framework for
transcription, annotation and analysis of the Khortha speech prosody. Khortha, an IndoAryan language is the second most spoken language after Hindi in the state of Jharkhand,
India, with approximately 80 million speakers (Census reports 2011). In order to analyse the
Khortha intonation patterns, we elicited a dataset containing all the intonations phrases from
ten (10) native speakers (8 males, 2 females) through controlled speech experiments in a
noise-free set up in the nearby villages of Giridih in Jharkhand. The first part of the
questionnaire consisted of four data sets which were intended to analyse the wide focus and
in-situ focus sentences, whereas the second part consisted eight affirmative, eight negative,
five conditional and compound sentences and eleven other types of interrogative sentences.
The conclusive analysis reveals that the subject focus element recorded the highest F0 at
around 250 Hz marked as L+H*. The object focus element also recorded a relatively higher
F0 at around 250 Hz, but the preceding tone marked as the lowest F0 with a continuous
stretch which results in a scooped L*+H bitonal accent. The lowest pitch is marked in the left
periphery of the intonation phrase in the object focus and wide focus sentences. The other
significant observations regarding the pitch contour of the types of sentences are also
analysed elaborately in the full paper.

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Published

2020-12-02

How to Cite

Atul Aman , Niladri Sekhar Dash , Amalesh Gope. (2020). A PRELIMINARY ACCOUNT ON THE KHORTHA SPEECH PROSODY. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(6), 6440 - 6458. Retrieved from http://mail.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/1930