THE CONCEPTS OF INTERACTION AMONG MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY: SABAHANS’ EXPERIENCE

Authors

  • Khadijah M. Khambali @ Hambali, Suraya Sintang, Nur Hidayah Mohd Paudzi, Romzi Ationg, Nur Farhana Abdul Rahman, Halina Sendera M. Yakin, Syamsul Arizul Marinsah, Mohd. Nazmi M. Khalli

Abstract

Interaction is a vital action that everyone needs in life. Every human being depends on one another to fulfil their necessary needs. Islam has emphasized on interaction through the many revealed words in the Qur’an as well as the Sunnah of Muhammad, the Prophet (PBUH). In order to build a positive relationship, many concepts of interaction have been introduced by Islamic scholars specifically as a guidance for Muslims that also universally applicable to the whole nation regardless of different religion and ethnic. The success in the implementation of these concepts can be proven based on the rulings of Muhammad in Medina. The Constitution of Medina is a great guideline in building a strong united multicultural society. This article aims to explain several elements of interaction which are ta`āruf, tafāhum, and takāful would be considered as pushed factors to foster harmony in multicultural society. The method used for data collection involves empirical investigation and exploratory fieldwork in the rural community at Keningau district of Sabah. Using the micro observation scale and self-participation, the findings show the elements of interaction in different religious adherents proofed to be tolerant, accommodative and acceptant as these can be seen in their life experience of social cohesion within the mixed-faith family and the building of place of worship in their neighbourhood. Moreover, several elements of interaction have given significant impact in creating a peaceful coexistence among multicultural society by focusing into Sabahans’ experience that based on the implementation of interaction; including tasāmuh, mahabbah, and ta`āmul that underlying the concept of fiqh al-ta`āyusy

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Published

2020-11-01

How to Cite

Khadijah M. Khambali @ Hambali, Suraya Sintang, Nur Hidayah Mohd Paudzi, Romzi Ationg, Nur Farhana Abdul Rahman, Halina Sendera M. Yakin, Syamsul Arizul Marinsah, Mohd. Nazmi M. Khalli. (2020). THE CONCEPTS OF INTERACTION AMONG MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY: SABAHANS’ EXPERIENCE. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(6), 10724-10746. Retrieved from http://mail.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/2755