EXTRACTION OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM ORANGE PEEL (CITRUS SINENSIS) BY STEAM STRIPPING

Authors

  • Darwin Núñez-Torres, Favian Bayas-Morejón, Riveliño Ramón, Morayma Remache-Agualongo

Abstract

Aims: In the present work, the objective was to obtain essential oil from the orange peel (citrus sinensis), through the use of simple distillation. Subjects and Methods: For this, combinations of sodium bicarbonate at (0,3%; 0,5 % and 0,7%) by completely random design. The oil and water separation were carried out by decantation. In the obtained oil, the relative density, refractive index, acidity was analyzed and the best treatment was determined by the oil yield. Finally, a chromatographic analysis was performed in the best treatment. Results: Next, the analyzes carried out, of the 4 types of essential oils obtained, the A2 and A3 treatments have a density close to that recommended, in the refractive index the A2 treatment is better than the others, in acidity the A1. However, in performance, which was our experimental response, treatment A3 (5% NaHCO₃) was the best with a value of 7,60mL. After chromatographic analysis, 18 separate components were identified, of which 5 were confirmed (α-Pineno, β-Pineno, Limonene, ϸ-Cimeno and Linalol). In addition, components such as: Ter-Terpinene, Methylanthranilate, Benzaldehyde, Citral, Linalyl Acetate were observed. Conclusion: The concentration of NaHCO₃ helps to extract the essential oil from the vegetable tissues of the orange peel.

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Published

2020-11-01

How to Cite

Darwin Núñez-Torres, Favian Bayas-Morejón, Riveliño Ramón, Morayma Remache-Agualongo. (2020). EXTRACTION OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM ORANGE PEEL (CITRUS SINENSIS) BY STEAM STRIPPING. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(6), 10853-10860. Retrieved from http://mail.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/2778