FOLK LEGENDS AND ARCHEOLOGICAL DATA ON SUFI OBJECTS OF THE MEDIEVAL OTRAR

Authors

  • Kozha M. B.*, Satov E. Zh. , Sizdikov B. , Amanturov M.

Abstract

The article presents the results of the study on the comparison of folk legends both known in an oral form and
fixed in the written sources and data of archeological research of the medieval city Otrar, which was one of the
centers of the historical region of Turkestan. Legends about Arystan Bab, a mentor of the famous Turkic Sufi
Khoja Ahmet Yassawi, were the object of this study in the first place. Materials reflected in the local historical
memory together with the data obtained during the archeological observation within the restoration works of
Arystan Bab Mausoleum point to that he was a real historical figure, living in Otrar (Farab) in 11th-12th
centuries and contradict to the identification of Arystan Bab with Salman al-Farsi. Archeological research of
Kuiryktobe hillfort and cross-referencing of its results with local historical data suggest that Arystan Bab’s
Sufi community location, where he taught his disciples, including Khoja Ahmet Yassawi, was situated in
Kuiryktobe hillfort, a suburban settlement of medieval Otrar. Being noted in the written sources as Sufi-Khana,
the location of the Sufi community, headed by Khoja Ahmet Yassawi’s disciple Sufi Danishmend, probably
corresponds to the knoll of Sopy Danyshpan in the Otrar suburbs. Archeological excavation of the part of knoll
revealed the untypical materials of the 12th-13th centuries. To make the final conclusion on the matching of
the Sopy Danyshpan knoll with Sufi-Khana from the written sources, however, the further excavation works
are needed.

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Published

2020-11-29 — Updated on 2020-11-30

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How to Cite

Kozha M. B.*, Satov E. Zh. , Sizdikov B. , Amanturov M. (2020). FOLK LEGENDS AND ARCHEOLOGICAL DATA ON SUFI OBJECTS OF THE MEDIEVAL OTRAR. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(6), 610 - 621. Retrieved from http://mail.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/766 (Original work published November 29, 2020)