HISTORY OF FAMINE IN KAZAKHSTAN (1931-1933)

Authors

  • Yensenov K. A. , Naimanbayev B. R. , Aldabergenov K. M., Malikova S. Z . Bakhtorazov S. U.

Abstract

During the Soviet era, as a result of campaigns in Kazakhstan, such as collectivization, confiscation, and
famine, the share of Kazakhs in migration and disease, famine, and epidemics decreased. In the
implementation of the colonial policy, the leaders of the totalitarian regime of the Soviet Union relocated
people of other nationalities to the Kazakh lands. This national policy pursued by the Soviet leaders was a
legitimate continuation of the tsarist government. Such a demographic situation has made the Kazakh people
living in Kazakhstan a minority. This was the result of the deliberate campaigns of the Soviet authorities - the
policy of genocide, ethnocide. The Soviet Union pursued a strict policy of relocating people from all over the
Soviet Union to the sparsely populated Kazakh steppes. There were 372 uprisings in 1929-1931. All of this
was suppressed by the Soviet system and kept under the control of the totalitarian regime. This is how the
administrative-command group of the Soviet Red Empire established a totalitarian regime, took control of the
whole society and put pressure on the people. As a result, 49% of the population of Kazakhstan lost their lives.
In 1931-1933 there was a “famine”. Soviet leaders did what they could, confiscating wealthy people and
beating up their opponents. As a result, the victims were killed. Survivors fled to the near and far abroad. All this has affected the demographic situation and even created catastrophes. In Kazakhstan, the Kazakh people,
especially those whose traditional society has been disrupted, have suffered greatly from such a campaign.
During the famine of 1931-1933, Kazakhs were forced to move to foreign countries such as China,
Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia

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Published

2020-11-29 — Updated on 2020-11-30

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How to Cite

Yensenov K. A. , Naimanbayev B. R. , Aldabergenov K. M., Malikova S. Z . Bakhtorazov S. U. (2020). HISTORY OF FAMINE IN KAZAKHSTAN (1931-1933). PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(6), 622 - 633. Retrieved from http://mail.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/768 (Original work published November 29, 2020)