TERRORISM: A STUDY OF STIGMATIZATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND STATE IN INDONESIA

Authors

  • Wardah Yuspin*, Kelik Wardiono, Santoso

Abstract

Indonesia is the largest Muslims country in the world. At the beginning of independence, Muslims had a
significant role in compiling the foundation of the nation. During the Old Order, the relationship between
Muslims and state was inharmonious, many Islamic activists were arrested on charges of treason especially
during the PKI (Indonesia Communist Party) ruling. In the early days of the New Order, the relationship
between Muslims and State was visibly disharmonious. In the late 1980s, the relationship between Islam
and State gradually improved but it did not last because in 1998, the New Order regime was overthrown
and the new order of Indonesia called the Reformasi (reform order) which is the relationship between Islam
and State is conflicting. It was initiated by the WTC Incident in 2001 and the 2002 Bali Bombing in
Indonesia. Then, Legislation on the Eradication of Criminal Acts of Terrorism was stipulated and a special
anti-terror unit called Densus 88 was formed. Almost all suspects arrested by Densus 88 and charged with
the Terrorism Law were Muslims, while the incident in Papua perpetrated by OPM (Independent Papua
Organization) which affected many victims was never called as Terrorism. Thus, there is a Muslim
stigmatization in the Implementation of the Eradication of Terrorism Law.

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Published

2020-11-29 — Updated on 2020-11-30

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How to Cite

Wardah Yuspin*, Kelik Wardiono, Santoso. (2020). TERRORISM: A STUDY OF STIGMATIZATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND STATE IN INDONESIA. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(6), 897 - 907. Retrieved from http://mail.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/796 (Original work published November 29, 2020)